توصیه به “رفتار درمانی شناختی” در درمان بی‌خوابی

توصیه به “رفتار درمانی شناختی” در درمان بی‌خوابی

 

کارشناسان سلامت به افراد مبتلا به مشکلات کم‌خوابی و بی‌خوابی توصیه می‌کنند که از یک پزشک متخصص راهنمایی گرفته و از مصرف طولانی مدت قرص‌های خواب‌آور خودداری کنند.

 

 

به گزارش بهداشت نیوز و به نقل از ایسنا، کارشناسان سلامت در آمریکا معتقدند رعایت بهداشت خواب به همراه نوع خاصی از گفتار درمانی به افراد کمک می‌کند تا الگوی خوابِ سالمی داشته باشند و مشکل خواب را در آنان رفع می‌کند.

تحقیقات اخیر نشان می‌دهد مصرف قرص‌های خواب‌آور بسیار رایج شده است و این داروها با عوارض جانبی جدی از قبیل افتادن و حتی مرگ مرتبط هستند.

در سال ۲۰۱۷ میلادی کارشناسان آکادمی داروهای خواب در آمریکا نوعی مشاوره روان شناختی به نام “رفتار درمانی شناختی” را به عنوان درمان اولیه برای بی‌خوابی و به دنبال آن تجویز داروها توصیه کردند.

رفتار درمانی شناختی بر شناسایی الگوهای تفکر و رفتارهایی که مانع از خواب خوب می‌شود، تاکید دارد. حدود ۱۰ درصد از مردم آمریکا دچار بی‌خوابی مزمن هستند و حدود ۳۰ درصد دچار علائم موقت هستند.

متخصصان آمریکایی توصیه می‌کنند افرادی که از داروهای خواب‌آور مصرف می‌کنند باید در مورد علت دقیق ابتلا به مشکل کم‌خوابی با پزشک خود مشورت کنند. همچنین درمان ایمن و تایید شده مشکل بی‌خوابی و کم‌خوابی همچون رعایت بهداشت خواب، رفتار درمانی شناختی و مصرف کوتاه مدت قرص‌های خواب توصیه می‌شود.

علاوه بر این کارشناسان هشدار می‌دهند که ترکیب داروهای خواب‌آور در کنار مصرف مخدرها یا مواد الکلی، مصرف این داروها در افراد مسن و نیز مصرف طولانی مدت و مداوم داروهای مزبور می‌تواند خطرناک باشد.

 

بیشتر بخوانید

پیامدهای منفی اینترنت پرسرعت بر الگوهای خواب


60 دیدگاه

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